Guide to Online Hate

Content warning: This page contains hateful imagery, slurs, and calls for violence.

Hatepedia's Guide to Online Hate is a reference for helping identify the symbols, terms, characters, and themes that often appear in the expression of hatred, online and off. Some listed symbols are associated with internet memes while others predate social media.

The guide is divided into categories that reflect the ambivalent and contextual usage of specific examples.

These lists are continually updated, and should not be considered comprehensive. Suggestions for future inclusions can be sent to neuberger [at] ujafed.org.

French translations of each symbol will be available in November 2022.

Hatepedia was produced by the Online Hate Research and Education Project, which is an initiative of the Holocaust Education Centre. For more information, please visit our website or contact us at neubeger [at] ujafed.org.

Hatepedia and OHREP have been made possible in part by the Government of Canada.

Hatepedia et OHREP a été rendu possible en partie grâce au gouvernement du Canada.