Historical Canadian Hate Groups

Canadian hate groups that are no longer active. Although the groups are inactive, their symbolism can still appear in hate material.

Church of the Creator

The Church of the Creator, or “Creativity,” is a white supremacist religious movement and hate group founded in the United States in 1973, and which had Canadian branches in the 1980s and 1990s. Members believed in a “racial holy war” between white people and other demographics. The Church of the Creator isn’t active in Canada anymore, but U.S. branches of the movement are.

World Church of the Creator logo: A lowercase "w" under a crown, under a halo. A black circle encases all three symbols.

Heritage Front

The Heritage Front was a Canadian neo-Nazi organization founded in 1989 by former members of the Nationalist Party of Canada and disbanded around 2005. The organization ran a telephone message line that spread hate speech, and brought infamous far-right figures into Canada to speak. It had close ties to a number of neo-Nazi and white supremacist groups in Canada and the United States. Though disbanded, some prominent Heritage Front affiliates are still active in Canada’s far-right.

A Life Rune (three points stemming from one line) behind the letters "H", "F".

Ku Klux Klan

The Ku Klux Klan is a name given to several far-right and white supremacist secret societies that emerged after the American Civil War. Far more popular in the United States, the KKK had moments of popularity in Saskatchewan and Ontario in the 1920s, when primarily Catholic and Jewish immigrants were perceived as threatening to Canadian culture. There have been several concurrent Klan organizations operating in Canada throughout the 20th century. There was an attempted revival of the KKK in the 1970s, and today it has a fringe following, occasionally appearing alongside other white nationalist organizations. Some Canadian Klans also used their own logo alongside the Blood Drop Cross, often based on a maple leaf. Though the Klan is not reportedly active in Canada today, people unaffiliated with any KKK organization occasionally use Klan imagery to intimidate.

A Ku Klux Klan logo: A white iron cross on a red circle. In the centre of the cross is a diamond shape with a red drop resembling blood on it.

National Social Christian Party

The National Social Christian Party was a fascist political organization formed by Adrien Arcand in Québec in 1934. After its founding it quickly merged with the Winnipeg-based Canadian Nationalist Party. The party’s ideology was a mix of Italian fascist corporatism, Nazi antisemitism, and Catholic clerical nationalism. The party ceased to exist in 1938 when it merged into the National Unity Party.

A beaver perched on a thick wreath of maple leaves. In the centre is a Swastika. Below, the text "SERVIAM".

National Unity Party

The National Unity Party formed in Kingston, Ontario in 1938 out of a merger between several Francophone and Anglophone fascist parties. It was led by Adrien Arcand, and its logo substituted the Swastika of Arcand’s earlier party for a flame. Members of the NUP were interned under the War Measures Act by the Canadian government in 1939 with the outbreak of the Second World War. Although uncommon, National Unity Party publications have been referenced and shared in modern online neo-Nazi spaces.

A beaver perched on a wide wreath of maple leaves. A torch is in the center. Text below reads "Serviam".

Samisdat Publishers

Samisdat Publishers was a small Canadian neo-Nazi publishing house founded in 1977 by notorious Holocaust denier Ernst Zundel. It was active primarily in the 1970s and 1980s, and published primarily Holocaust denial and pro-Nazi material. Today Samisdat publications and videos continue to exist on fringe and archival websites.

"SAMISDAT PRESENTS" With a lightnight bolt inside a circle in the center of the text.

Western Guard Party

The Western Guard Party was a white supremacist group founded in 1972, emerging from the far-right Edmund Burke Society. The organization was involved in violence and plots in the 1970s, and dissolved in the 1980s as members left to join other groups.

A stylized Iron Cross overlaps a circle on a lime green background. Below it is the text "WESTERN GUARD".

White Aryan Resistance (WAR)

White Aryan Resistance was a white supremacist and neo-Nazi organization founded by a former Ku Klux Klan leader in 1980. In 1993 the group expanded into Canada, and its leader was arrested and deported by Canadian authorities. WAR is no longer active, but their symbols are still occasionally used in far right contexts.

W.A.R [sic] above a grinning skull with an eyepatch above crossed bones. The skull and bones sit on a black shield, with W.A.R sitting at the top in black text on a white background.

These lists are continually updated, and should not be considered comprehensive. Suggestions for future inclusions can be sent to neuberger [at] ujafed.org.

French translations of each symbol will be available in November 2022.

Hatepedia was produced by the Online Hate Research and Education Project, which is an initiative of the Holocaust Education Centre. For more information, please visit our website or contact us at neubeger [at] ujafed.org.

Hatepedia and OHREP have been made possible in part by the Government of Canada.

Hatepedia et OHREP a été rendu possible en partie grâce au gouvernement du Canada.